What precautions and remedies may a trial chamber exercise when defense counsel fails to appear? If the purpose of a defendant is to delay the proceedings, is replacing counsel tantamount to acceding to such delay? Why are tribunals reluctant to rely on co-counsel serving as lead counsel? Should duty counsel be appointed? Should the international courts use a public-defender system to avoid such problems? Do national bars have a duty to honor punishments doled out by the international tribunals? Is there any practical effect?