Douglas Parker


This paper discusses the US history of discrimination against blacks which should be understood by students and others who are concerned with human rights and who want to participate in some form of civic engagement for the realization of these rights. The first part of this paper examines slavery, an extreme form of racial discrimination, and its repetition as involuntary servitude in earlier historical periods in the US. The second part of the paper examines recent and current severe, though not extreme, forms of racial discrimination such as residential segregation and the workfare and imprisonment imposed by the emerging US neoliberal state. The final part of the paper discusses proposals for change made more than a century ago as well as what can be learned from the planning and organization of a city in southern California.