Although scientific fraud is rare, when it occurs, it needs to be identified and documented. This article discusses two of the most notorious cases in forensic science. Part I focuses on the misconduct of Fred Zain, a serologist with the West Virginia State Police crime laboratory and later with the County Medical Examiner’s laboratory in San Antonio, Texas. Part II examines the misconduct of Joyce Gilchrist, a forensic examiner with the Oklahoma City Police Department.


Science, Fraud, Fred Zain, Joyce Gilchrist, Criminal Law, Evidence

Publication Date


Document Type


Place of Original Publication

Criminal Law Bulletin

Publication Information

46 Criminal Law Bulletin 1313 (2010)


COinS Paul C. Giannelli Faculty Bio