The scope of this article is four-fold: (1) a description of the principal methods used to provide legal assistance to persons charged with criminal offenses; (2) a discussion of when legal assistance is constitutionally required and actually needed; (3)
Place of Original Publication
Iowa Law Review
Gideon's Trumpet: Mournful and Muffled
Katz, Lewis R., "Gideon's Trumpet: Mournful and Muffled" (1997). Faculty Publications. 609.