This Article will demonstrate that these apparently divergent approaches (bargain and promissory estoppel) share unifying elemental criteria that situate them all squarely within an assent-based theory of enforceability. This Article differs from scholarship that depicts promissory estoppel as having a different conceptual or theoretical basis for enforcement. This Article posits that promissory estoppel, together with other orthodox doctrines, are merely substitute doctrinal methods for showing the assent required for an enforceable consensual exchange.


Aaawnr-Based Liability

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Document Type


Publication Information

33 The Wayne Law Review 895 (1987)

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Contracts Commons


COinS Juliet P. Kostritsky Faculty Bio