This article will consider a possible avenue for filling 'gaps' when the 1980 Hague Abduction Convention or the 1996 Child Protection Convention do not apply in child custody/abduction cases. Specifically, it will explore utilizing internal US domestic relations law to facilitate the return of a child who has been abducted to the USA from a non-signatory country. To better illustrate the potential effects, the article will explore this 'gap filler' through the lens of a case study involving Japan, the most prominent first world country that is not yet a signatory to the Convention. The article also considers the implications for the international community.


Custody, Abduction, 1980 Hague Abduction Convention, 1996 Child Protection Convention

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28 International Journal of Law, Policy and the Family 121 (2014)