Discrimination Directed Toward Conservative Women

Hal Arkes
George W. Dent Jr., Case Western University School of Law


In two investigations White conservative women and African American conservative women were surveyed with regard to perceived discrimination toward each of their multiple minority categories. Both studies yielded the same results: (1) White women rated perceived discrimination toward their conservative political viewpoint significantly higher than that toward their gender; (2) African American conservative women rated perceived discrimination toward their race higher than that toward either their political viewpoint or their gender, which did not differ significantly from each other; (3) perceived discrimination on any dimension was not related to whether one was currently in college (or very recently graduated) versus whether one had graduated between 1 and 10 years earlier (Study 1) or between 5 and 10 years earlier (Study 2).