Delaware corporate law has a new brand of loyalty claim: the opportunity-cost conflict. Such a conflict arises when a fiduciary operates under strong incentives to withdraw human and financial capital for redeployment into new investment opportunities. The concept has its roots in venture capital investing, where board members affiliated with venture capital funds may have incentives to shut down viable start-ups in order to focus on more promising companies.

Recognizing this type of conflict has conceptual value-it provides a coherent framework for assessing a fiduciary's incentives, and it may help explain frequently criticized features of corporate fiduciary law. But this article argues that courts should invoke the doctrine sparingly to avoid upsetting the law's current balance between policing managerial abuse and litigation abuse.

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